**Maths**

Maths is an important part of our curriculum. A new national curriculum has recently been introduced that highlights the importance maths plays in everyday life. We aim to encourage the children at Hollybush to become confident in using a range of maths skills, such as quickly recalling their times tables. We try to make maths as fun as possible by teaching the children using a range of practical methods.

**Basic Skills**

At Hollybush we recognise the importance of learning ‘the basics’ in maths. In each year group there is a list of skills that we would like children to acquire linked to the expectations in the new national curriculum. The children know about these skills and are given a chance to practice them regularly in school.

**Nursery**

- Read, write and order numbers to 10.
- Say the number that is one more or less than a single digit number.
- Name some shapes and tell you about them in my own words.

**Reception**

- Read, write and order numbers to 20.
- Count in step of 2, 5 and 10 starting at zero.
- Add and subtract single digit numbers.
- Name and describe simple 2D and 3D shapes
- Solve problems, including measures, using my mathematical knowledge

**Year 1**

- Count, read and write numbers to 100 in digits.
- Write numbers to 20 in words.
- Count multiples in 1's, 2's, 5's and 10's.
- Say one more/less than any number.
- Learn number bonds to 10 and 20.
- Recognise the +, -, x, ÷, = symbols.
- Recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes.
- Find ½, ¼ and ¾ of a shape or quantity.
- Compare, measure and record using standard units for: lengths and heights, mass, capacity and volume and time

**Year 2**

- Count in 1's, 2's, 3's, 5's and 10's forwards and backwards from any number.
- Read and write numbers to one hundred in numerals and words.
- Use <, > and = signs
- Know and use place value and number facts (to twenty) to solve problems.
- Begin to know number pairs to 100.
- Use inverse relationships to solve number problems. (+- and x ÷)
- Recognise, name and write fractions 1/4, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 and 3/4 of a whole
- Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement,
- Tell and write the time to 5 minutes including quarter past/to the hour
- Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); volume and capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit.
- Construct and interpret pictograms, tables and simple graphs

**Year 3**

- Begin to read and understand mathematical vocabulary with confidence
- Read, write and order numbers to 1000 in numerals and words.
- Understand place value using hundreds, tens and units up to 999
- Know all multiplication facts for the 2, 3, 4, 5, 8 and 10 times tables and associated division facts.
- Count in multiples of 2, 5, 10, 50 and 100
- Recognise 10 or 100 more or less than a given number
- Add and subtract mentally combinations of 1-digit, 2-digit and 3 digit numbers.
- Recognise and use the inverse.
- Identify, name and write unit fractions up to 1/12
- Recognise angles as a property of shape and associate angle as an amount of turning
- Identify horizontal, vertical, perpendicular, parallel and curved lines
- Tell the time accurately to the nearest minute on a 12 and 24 hour clock including Roman numerals.
- Read, interpret and present data using pictograms and bar charts with scales

**Year 4**

- Read and understand mathematical vocabulary with confidence
- Recognise and continue number sequences formed by counting on or back in steps of a constant size
- Read, write and order whole negative numbers through zero
- Know all multiplication facts up to 12 x 12 and corresponding division facts
- Add and subtract mentally pairs of 2-digit whole numbers
- Multiply and divide 2 and 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers, be able to record using a written method
- Count in multiples of 6,7,9,25 and100.
- Find 1000 more or less than a given number.
- Round to the nearest 100/1000.
- Read Roman numerals up to 100.
- Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator.
- Identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations
- Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare the size of different angles.
- Find the area and perimeter of rectangular shapes.
- Read and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24- hour clocks

**Year 5**

- Read, write and order numbers to 1,000,000
- Count from any number in whole number and decimal steps, extending beyond zero when counting backwards
- Use a number line for whole, decimal or negative numbers
- Know what each digit represents in whole numbers and decimals up to 2 places
- Use knowledge of place value and addition and subtraction to derive sums, differences, doubles and halves of decimals
- Know quickly multiplication facts up to 10 x 10
- Multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000
- Use an efficient written method to add and subtract whole numbers and decimals with up to 2 places
- Understand area and perimeter and to calculate these for standard shapes.
- Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one to the other .
- Use knowledge of angles in a circle, triangle and a straight line to find missing angles.
- Use the RUCSAC method to solve a range of mathematical problems.
- Recognise and use mathematical vocabulary; perimeter, area, product, inverse,
- Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places
- Measure angles in degrees and draw a given angle, writing its size in degrees

**Year 6**

- Read, write, order and compare numbers to 10 million and determine the value of each digit
- Find the difference between a positive and a negative integer, or 2 negative integers in context
- Use decimals up to 3 places and position them on a number line
- Use multiplication facts and knowledge of place value to find related multiplication and division facts involving decimals
- Know squares of numbers to 12 x 12
- Know prime numbers up to 100
- Use an efficient written method to add and subtract integers and decimals
- Use an efficient written method to multiply and divide integers and decimals by a 1-digit integer
- Use a protractor to measure angles.
- Locate and describe positions in four quadrants.
- Convert measures using metric and imperial units.
- Add and subtract mixed numbers and fractions with different denominators
- Identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers up to three decimal place by 10, 100 and 1000 [267]
- Use ratios to show the relative sizes of two quantities
- Be able to work out percentages confidently.