Maths is an important part of our curriculum. A new national curriculum has recently been introduced that highlights the importance maths plays in everyday life. We aim to encourage the children at Hollybush to become confident in using a range of maths skills, such as quickly recalling their times tables. We try to make maths as fun as possible by teaching the children using a range of practical methods. 

Basic Skills

At Hollybush we recognise the importance of learning ‘the basics’ in maths. In each year group there is a list of skills that we would like children to acquire linked to the expectations in the new national curriculum. The children know about these skills and are given a chance to practice them regularly in school.



    • Read, write and order numbers to 10.
    • Say the number that is one more or less than a single digit number.
    • Name some shapes and tell you about them in my own words. 



    • Read, write and order numbers to 20.
    • Count in step of 2, 5 and 10 starting at zero.
    • Add and subtract single digit numbers.
    • Name and describe simple 2D and 3D shapes
    • Solve problems, including measures, using my mathematical knowledge 

Year 1


    • Count, read and write numbers to 100 in digits.
    • Write numbers to 20 in words.
    • Count multiples in 1's, 2's, 5's and 10's.
    • Say one more/less than any number.
    • Learn number bonds to 10 and 20.
    • Recognise the +, -, x, ÷, = symbols.
    • Recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes.
    • Find ½, ¼ and ¾ of a shape or quantity.
    • Compare, measure and record using standard units for: lengths and heights, mass, capacity and volume and time 

Year 2


    • Count in 1's, 2's, 3's, 5's and 10's forwards and backwards from any number.
    • Read and write numbers to one hundred in numerals and words.
    • Use <, > and = signs
    • Know and use place value and number facts (to twenty) to solve problems.
    • Begin to know number pairs to 100.
    • Use inverse relationships to solve number problems. (+- and x ÷)
    • Recognise, name and write fractions 1/4, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 and 3/4 of a whole
    • Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement,
    • Tell and write the time to 5 minutes including quarter past/to the hour
    • Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm/mm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); volume and capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit.
    • Construct and interpret pictograms, tables and simple graphs

Year 3


    • Begin to read and understand mathematical vocabulary with confidence
    • Read, write and order numbers to 1000 in numerals and words.
    • Understand place value using hundreds, tens and units up to 999
    • Know all multiplication facts for the 2, 3, 4, 5, 8 and 10 times tables and associated division facts.
    • Count in multiples of 2, 5, 10, 50 and 100
    • Recognise 10 or 100 more or less than a given number
    • Add and subtract mentally combinations of 1-digit, 2-digit and 3 digit numbers.
    • Recognise and use the inverse.
    • Identify, name and write unit fractions up to 1/12
    • Recognise angles as a property of shape and associate angle as an amount of turning
    • Identify horizontal, vertical, perpendicular, parallel and curved lines
    • Tell the time accurately to the nearest minute on a 12 and 24 hour clock including Roman numerals.
    • Read, interpret and present data using pictograms and bar charts with scales

Year 4


    • Read and understand mathematical vocabulary with confidence
    • Recognise and continue number sequences formed by counting on or back in steps of a constant size
    • Read, write and order whole negative numbers through zero
    • Know all multiplication facts up to 12 x 12 and corresponding division facts
    • Add and subtract mentally pairs of 2-digit whole numbers
    • Multiply and divide 2 and 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers, be able to record using a written method
    • Count in multiples of 6,7,9,25 and100.
    • Find 1000 more or less than a given number.
    • Round to the nearest 100/1000.
    • Read Roman numerals up to 100.
    • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator.
    • Identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations
    • Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare the size of different angles.
    • Find the area and perimeter of rectangular shapes.
    • Read and convert time between analogue and digital 12- and 24- hour clocks

Year 5


    • Read, write and order numbers to 1,000,000
    • Count from any number in whole number and decimal steps, extending beyond zero when counting backwards
    • Use a number line for whole, decimal or negative numbers
    • Know what each digit represents in whole numbers and decimals up to 2 places
    • Use knowledge of place value and addition and subtraction to derive sums, differences, doubles and halves of decimals
    • Know quickly multiplication facts up to 10 x 10
    • Multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000
    • Use an efficient written method to add and subtract whole numbers and decimals with up to 2 places
    • Understand area and perimeter and to calculate these for standard shapes.
    • Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one to the other .
    • Use knowledge of angles in a circle, triangle and a straight line to find missing angles.
    • Use the RUCSAC method to solve a range of mathematical problems.
    • Recognise and use mathematical vocabulary; perimeter, area, product, inverse,
    • Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places
    • Measure angles in degrees and draw a given angle, writing its size in degrees

Year 6

    • Read, write, order and compare numbers to 10 million and determine the value of each digit
    • Find the difference between a positive and a negative integer, or 2 negative integers in context
    • Use decimals up to 3 places and position them on a number line
    • Use multiplication facts and knowledge of place value to find related multiplication and division facts involving decimals
    • Know squares of numbers to 12 x 12
    • Know prime numbers up to 100
    • Use an efficient written method to add and subtract integers and decimals
    • Use an efficient written method to multiply and divide integers and decimals by a 1-digit integer
    • Use a protractor to measure angles.
    • Locate and describe positions in four quadrants.
    • Convert measures using metric and imperial units.
    • Add and subtract mixed numbers and fractions with different denominators
    • Identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers up to three decimal place by 10, 100 and 1000 [267]
    • Use ratios to show the relative sizes of two quantities
    • Be able to work out percentages confidently.